Platform for African – European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development

Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Webinar series: Scaling up of Adaptation in the Agricultural Sectors (SAAS)

25 May 2018. KORE – Knowledge Resilience – is a knowledge sharing platform to support building resilience to food insecurity and malnutrition in the face of shocks and stresses. It helps inform programming and interventions to strengthen the resilience of agriculture-based livelihoods. The platform provides an overview of tools, approaches, programmes, analyses and methodologies on resilience implemented by FAO and other key partners in different contexts; serves as an integrated and action-oriented platform on resilience-related initiatives; and provides good practices on resilience building.

Webinars
In order to enhance the knowledge base on and support the uptake of good practices in climate change adaptation in the agricultural sectors, FAO organized a series of webinar modules titled “Scaling-up of Adaptation in the Agricultural Sectors”. Each module targets a priority focus area for climate change adaptation in the agricultural sectors and is organized around a series of webinars.

Click on the links for more information on each webinar:
  1. 22 November 2017 Introduction to ecosystem-based adaptation in the agricultural sectors: Context, approaches and lessons learned
  2. 5 December 2017 Methods and tools to support the implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation in the agricultural sectors
  3. 20 March 2018 Ecosystem-based Adaptation and National Adaptation Planning: Opportunities for the Agricultural Sectors
  4. 25 May 2018 Opportunities for EbA in Coastal and Marine Ecosystems 
  • Selvaraju Ramasamy, Climate and Environment Division, FAO, Rome; Watershed Management – Experiences from Chimborazo, Ecuador
  • Petra Wolter and Luca FedOstiani, Forestry Department, FAO, Rome; Agroecology – Experiences in the context of EbA
  • Rémi Cluset, Agroecology Expert, Agriculture and Consumer Protection Department, FAO, Rome 


Webinar 2: 5 December 2017  Methods and tools to support the implementation of ecosystem-based adaptation in the agricultural sectors
  • Joseph Anania, Regional Coordinator, Kagera River Basin Project, Building the evidence base for EbA: Experiences from the Transboundary Kagera River Basin Project
  • Lucy Garrett, IES expert , FAO, Building the enabling environment for EbA: Incentives for Ecosystem Services (IES)
  • Anass Toudert, ExAct Analyst, FAO; Enhancing the mitigation potential of ecosystem-based adaptation: ExAct Carbon counting tool


Webinar 3: 20 March 2018 Ecosystem-based Adaptation and National Adaptation Planning: Opportunities for the Agricultural Sectors

See the Recording
  • Ninni Ikkala Nyman, Monitoring and Evaluation Expert and Knowledge Management Expert, UNDP - National adaptation planning (NAP) processes and EbA
  • Luna Bharati, Principal Researcher-Hydrology and Water Resources, Nepal, International Water Management Institute (IWMI) - Ecosystems based Adaptation (EbA) for Sustainable Growth
  • Jaruwan Ngamsing, NAP Advisor, Thailand, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit GmbH (GIZ) Mainstreaming EbA into Thailand’s NAPs and Opportunities for the Agricultural Sectors

Webinar 4: Opportunities for EbA in Coastal and Marine Ecosystems Date: Friday, May 25th, 15:00 – 16:30 CEST (UTC +2)
  • Tarub Bahri, Fishery Resources Officer and Merete Tandstad, EAF-Nansen Programme Coordinator, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department - Climate change implications for fisheries and the role of the ecosystem approach to fisheries as support to climate change adaptation
  • Iris Monnereau, CC4FISH Project Coordinator, FAO - Fostering climate change adaptation through Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries in the Eastern Caribbean
  • Birane Sambe, Canary Current Large Marine Ecosystem (CCLME) project - Identification of key issues for the sustainable management of small pelagic fisheries in West Africa through the application of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries
  • Nick Caputi, Department of Primary Industries and Regional Development - Climate change effects on Western Australian Fisheries

Saturday, May 19, 2018

Selection of project concept notes of the Peanut Innovation Lab

Jeff Ehlers (center), a geneticist and senior program officer
for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, discusses project
proposals with fellow members of the EAP, including Michigan
State University professor Cynthia Donovan (right) and
Peanut Innovation Lab Director Dave Hoisington
7-8 May 2019. Rock Eagle 4-H Center , US. The Peanut Innovation Lab management team discussed with External Advisory Panel members in a retreat  the priorities for the first projects funded by the program. 

See pictures from the meeting.

Some 50 concept note proposals were submitted last month in two areas of inquiry: value-chain improvements and varietal improvements. Over two days’ time, EAP members discussed the strengths and weaknesses of the proposals, both individually and as part of an overall program. 

The panel is made up of leaders in disciplines such as plant breeding, genetics and pathology; experts in food safety and nutrition; private sector industry partners; and economics and markets. Members of the panel include:
  • Martha Byanyima, the lead expert for Sanitary and Phytosanitary Matters for the Common Market for East and Southern Africa (COMESA)
  • Darlene Cowart, the corporate director for Food Safety with Birdsong Peanuts
  • Cynthia Donovan, an associate professor of Agricultural Development at Michigan State University
  • Jeffrey Ehlers, a geneticist and senior program officer for the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
  • Andrew Emmott, a value-chain specialist and consultant who works with nuts in southern Africa
  • Jeff Johnson, a retired executive with Birdsong Peanuts
  • Isaac Joseph Minde, a Michigan State University professor based in Tanzania with the Agricultural Sector Policy and Institutional Reform Strengthening (ASPIRES) Project
  • Shyam Nigam, an expert in plant breeding, seed systems, crop management, farmer-participatory research and development
  • Helga Recke, a gender-in-agriculture researcher and visiting fellow with CALS-AWARE at Cornell University
  • Farid Waliyar, an expert in international agricultural R and D and mycotoxins
With the feedback collected during the EAP retreat, the management entity is sending out requests for full project proposals to the selected concept note authors. Projects will be defined and selected this summer.

Later this year, the Peanut Innovation Lab plans to issue calls for proposals in two more areas of inquiry: nutrition, and gender and youth.

Friday, May 18, 2018

Increased consumption of nutritious fonio and Bambara groundnut

In March 2018, stakeholders identified along the fonio and Bambara groundnut value chains were invited to crop-specific meetings to share back results of the value chain studies and discuss ways forward to overcome challenges for production, marketing and consumption of these crops.
Weak value chain development is partly a result of the narrow focus of agricultural research and development, which has neglected many local crops important in traditional food systems. Overcoming weaknesses in marketing these crops requires attention to enhance their processing, trading, marketing and retailing, which can in turn help leverage their benefits for strengthening food security, alleviating poverty, and increasing the resilience and sustainability of farming systems in face of climate change.
Dr Yara Koreissi, Food and Nutrition Technologist at IER
(wearing a yellow headdress) describes dishes developed
with Bambara groundnut, Koutiala, Mali.
Credit: Bioversity International/G.Lochetti

Bioversity International and the Institute of Rural Economy (IER) have been working to promote value chain development of fonio and Bambara groundnut in Mali through 'Linking agrobiodiversity value chains, climate adaptation and nutrition: Empowering the poor to manage risk', a project funded by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the European Commission  and theand the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), and the CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health (A4NH). that is currently in its fourth and final year of implementation. Detailed value chain assessments were carried out in 2017 by Charlie Mbosso, Market and Gender Specialist, Bioversity International.

Fonio (above) and Bambara groundnut harvested in Mali.
Credit: Bioversity International/G.Meldrum
More than a hundred stakeholders – such as farmers, traders, restaurateurs, journalists and representatives from NGOs, government bodies, farmer’s groups and cooperatives – took part in these meetings. They engaged in stimulating, and at times passionate, discussions on how to increase consumers’ demand and improve cultivation of fonio and Bambara groundnut in Mali. The groups were challenged to develop innovative solutions to the identified bottlenecks.

Each crop presents peculiar challenges and opportunities: a message that clearly emerged during the meetings. In the case of fonio, harvesting and especially processing are time-consuming and problematic. Cleaning and sand removal are complicated by the small dimensions of fonio grains, which need to undergo long processing. The cleaned and polished fonio – while more attractive to consumers – is however poorer in micronutrients and dietary fibre due to the removal of the outer part of the cereal. Small producers also face difficulties in linking to a disorganized market. The price farmers receive is too low to motivate them to produce and sell fonio, while the final price is too high for most consumers to access processed fonio.

Use of ICT for Agriculture and Environment

8-10 May 2018. Lusaka, Zambia. Use of ICT for Agriculture and Environment. The 10th ICT4D
Conference brought together public, private and civil society organizations from across the humanitarian and international development community. Participants shared how they’ve used innovations in technology to increase the impact of their work. Highly interactive and hands-on, the conference attracted a diverse audience of technical advisors, executives, and others who offered a range of practical insights on applying technology to development, humanitarian, and conservation challenges.

Extracts of the programme:
Digital Ag - Beyond the Myth and Hype
There is a tendency for enthusiasts to quote and build on the success of smaller, limited case studies while the causal factors behind why those that have failed at scaling up tend to be overlooked. In this opening panel session for the Agriculture and Environment track explore the untapped opportunities that come from identifying some key enablers to increase the propensity for success for your ICT4 Ag projects and applications. The panel comprisesed of an eclectic mix of researchers, ICT4Ag entrepreneurs, industry, donors and practitioners.

SPEAKERS


Financial Analyses in Nigeria and Malawi 
Gross margin calculation, a participatory household financial analysis, enables farmers to leverage peer-to-peer evaluative thinking to understand the costs and benefits of key on-farm decisions.

This approach enables rapid assessment and comparison of results to identify key leverage points in maximizing profit in specific agro-ecological zones. Farmers can then use data on investment risk, climate-smart technology, and marketing to make key decisions on input use, to maximize profit through facilitated data access




Reaching for the stars with your feet planted on the ground
AfriScout is PROJECT CONCERN INTERNATIONAL's (PCI) social enterprise that fuses satellite and mobile technology with indigenous knowledge to display customized grazing maps that help pastoralists make more accurate and cost-effective migration decisions. After several years of development, testing, and learning, PCI has gained a deep understanding of how pastoralists are embracing this technology and integrating it with their traditional practices.



Panel Session on Drones for Agriculture
CEOs of start-ups offering drone based services in Benin and Zambia, and representatives of international development organisations supporting the deployment of these innovative advisory services in Africa.

SPEAKERS


Drones for Precision Agriculture
The main goal in this ICT4D Training workshop was to;
  • Improve crop farming by educating farmers on efficient farm data management by providing simple, efficient, reliable and affordable crop imaging services to farmers for implementing variable rate technology (VRT) 
  • NDVI Crop Mapping to implement VRT- Farm inspection, monitoring 
  • Training on Digital farm data management techniques Also to make understand that no one cares about Professional and Precision Technology Services if it does not hold a Clear Direct Value while being Easy to use.
Impact evaluation of delivering market information to farmers by SMS in Ghana and Uganda
This paper of IFPRI describes the results of a randomized-control trial of the impact of market information delivered to farmers by SMS in Ghana and Uganda. In each country, the study carried out a baseline survey of about 1200 farmers, provided market information to a random sample of farmers for more than one year, and then conducted an endline survey of the same farmers. Hypothesis: only more commercially-oriented farmers benefit from the service?

The "Seed Tracker" App for mainstreaming national seed production and seed certification
This IITA Presentation covered development and application of the “Seed Tracker (ST)” App to facilities e-seed certification and national seed inventory management; and how ST mainstream national seed production and seed certification based on the ST piloting in Nigeria.

Digital extension through mobile (IVR) systems: What have we learned and why should you care?Mobile learning is emerging as a promising channel in the ICT4Ag space. Through mLearning reaching smallholder farmers is now possible at scales and costs unimaginable only a few years ago. However, mobile is often assumed to be an inferior learning channel. So, is there really a trade-off between scale and quality when it comes to mLearning? ILRI presented findings from a randomized control trial in Uganda comparing traditional learning (face to face) with an mLearning adaptation of the same content. The service targeted smallholder pig farmers with a mobile (IVR)-enabled personalized decision support system, which aims to help farmers in the identification and management of animal health services.

Hello Tractor Adapts Internet of Things Technology to Bring Tractors to Smallholder Farmers
Hello Tractor connects tractor owners to farmers through an innovative IoT solution. HT bridges the gap between traditional farming and more advanced approaches by simplifying complex data into actionable insights for tractor owners to enable rentals. HT’s solution supports tractor owners in identifying, organizing, and booking small farmers in need of services. Through its partnership with Aeris, HT is able to incorporate advanced digital Internet of Things technologies.By creating access to timely tractor services, the HT solution can help move smallholder farm families out of poverty.

SPEAKERS

Social Media Use by Agricultural Extension Officers in a Resourced Constrained Environment. Agritex workers, smallholder farmers, agriculture research institutions, and other key stakeholders in Zimbabwe are encouraged to harness social media like facebook, whatsapp, imo among others. This paper is an exploration of how Agritex workers are using social media in their work in a resource constrained. This paper explored the Social Media use experience in agriculture information dissemination and sharing experiences as voiced by the Agritex workers.

Digitization and traceability of organic cotton value chain
Organic cotton is promoted in India and other developing countries as a way to reduce the input costs of smallholder farmers and protect the environment. SourceTrace has developed traceability solutions to enhance the trust and confidence in the organic cotton value chain. Working with Chetna Coalition (Chetco) and its associated brands in USA and UK, SourceTrace implemented certification and traceability solutions all the way to spinner level.

Going far together: Experiences of the Mlimi Hotline Farmer Call Centre, Malawi The Mlimi Hotline, a toll-free farmer call centre, was established in November 2015, by Farm Radio Trust in collaboration with Techno Brain Limited and the Department of Agricultural Extension Services with funding from the Government of Flanders, to provide farmers with personalized, real-time answers to questions on agriculture related subjects. The call center has so far registered a total of about 100, 000 calls and is increasingly receiving recognition among farmers, public and private sector. This paper showcased lessons for providing personalized extension services through ICTs in Malawi through inclusive partnerships with private, public and non-state actors.

Photo of Carol Kyazze KakoozaMUIIS: Moving from Project to Social Enterprise 
Presenter: Carol Kyazze Kakooza (see picture), Project Manager, MUIIS, CTA
MUIIS, an innovative initiative under the G4AW facility being led by the CTA has been built, tested and being rolled out fully. It consists of a huge database of over 150,000 farmer profiles down to the GPS location of their fields; an authentic satellite data-enabled information service of weather alerts, agronomic tips and index base insurance; access to smallholder farmers for financial services, input marketing and aggregation of outputs; data analytics for alternative credit scoring by financial institutions; experience in farmer profiling; a mobile application; and access to all kinds of surveys services. MUIIS has reached over millions of farmers in Uganda within 2 years through training, awareness creation, and marketing campaigns on the value of satellite data enabled information service. It is now time to move this to full service with farmers, farmer organisations, NGOs, development projects, financial institutions, input and output companies etc. paying for the services.

Know your Plot - Innovating SMART Farming systems
This is work being developed by Milan Innovincy, CRS and small holder farmer organizations, that enables farmers to leverage geo-data systems to support improved plot management and better market access. This approach enables small holder farmers to benefit from services including electronic registry, plot upgrading plans, plot credit risk scores to engage financial institutions and market linkage reporting.

Unlocking Digital Value in South Africa's Agriculture Sector
Presented by Jolene Dawson (see picture),Global Agriculture Lead
AccentureA unique value-at-stake framework developed by Accenture and the World Economic Forum (WEF) estimates that the adoption of digital technologies will create $54billion in value for the South African agriculture sector and for society between now and 2026. We will be unpacking 4 leading technologies: Precision Agriculture, Digital Marketplaces, Connected Supply Chains and Autonomous Operations, and start to look at what it will take to deliver this value, who the winners (and losers) and what it could mean for farmers and agriculture communities.

Blockchain for Agriculture and Food

'Blockchain for Agriculture and Food' 
Findings from the pilot study

Lan Ge, Christopher Brewster, Jacco Spek, Anton Smeenk, and Jan Top
Wageningen University and Research and TNO. 2017, 40 pages

Blockchain is rapidly becoming a household word and promises to solve many problems related to the lack of trust. Despite its popularity and the great interest it has received from public and private parties, the technology is still far from being well understood and is surrounded by a great deal of exaggeration and hype. 

The project ‘blockchain for agrifood’, financed by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality, was the first research project that sets out to explore the technology and its potential implications for agrifood by developing a proof of concept application. Findings of the research contribute to a better understanding of the technology and its implications for various stakeholders in agrifood chains. While clarifying misplaced expectations and misunderstandings, the research also identifies opportunities and research needed for capturing these opportunities. The research was commissioned and financed by the Dutch Ministry of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality.


Related:
28 June 2018. Utrecht. How will Blockchain technology transform our food systems? This is the central question during a Pizza Meet-up. Dr. Lan Ge of Wageningen University & Research will introduce the transformational potential of Blockchain technology for agricultural value chains based on a recent pilot study 'Blockchain for Agriculture and Food' by Wageningen University & Research and TNO. The floor will be open to informally discuss the pros and cons of this new technology and the opportunities to apply the technology in our daily work.

Thursday, May 17, 2018

Guide on the status and opportunities for investment in climate-smart agriculture

16 May 2018. Nairobi. Detailed guides on the status of and opportunities for investment in climate-smart agriculture in fourteen African countries have been officially launched by scientists from the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) at the African Climate-Smart Agriculture Summit.

Based on a scientific framework, the profiles provide a snapshot of the key issues, climate impacts, CSA practices, relevant policies, and financing opportunities for scaling up the promotion and sustained adoption of CSA interventions. Policy and investment recommendations are then detailed by researchers, based on an analysis of current drivers and constraints to adoption the identified practices.
“For many large donors, private sector companies and African governments, investing in African agriculture is still extremely risky. Our data and evidence-based reports aim to reduce that risk, by providing a detailed analysis of the most effective approaches to the sustained adoption of climate-smart agriculture from a local to a national level.” Evan Girvetz, senior scientist at the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) who leads the CSA profiles project. “
“Large-scale investments in climate-smart agriculture need to be based on solid evidence that they will provide productivity and climate benefits. Until this work by CIAT, that detailed data did not exist. We are now far better equipped to make financing decisions to climate-proof African agriculture in these countries.” Ademola Braimoh, Coordinator for Climate Smart Agriculture at the World Bank
“There is an insatiable appetite from African governments for up-to-date information on how to implement climate-smart agriculture. In Senegal, the CSA profile is being used to inform national climate change plans and programs. Also, the creation of profiles for three states in Nigeria has been requested by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, demonstrating the high demand for this data West Africa-wide.” Dr. Robert Zougmoré, Africa Lead for the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Stories of successful climate-smart interventions detailed by the CSA profiles in the fourteen countries include:
  • Ethiopia: A system to intensify teff production, which involved seed spacing and the application on organic and inorganic fertilizers, saw yields rise to up to 5 tonnes per hectare, compared to the national average of 1.5 tonnes per hectare. This system has since been scaled out to a million hectares across the country.
  • Zambia: Maize yields in Kafue Town, 35 km from Lusaka doubled thanks to integrated crop-livestock systems that include: adding groundnuts or sugar beans to crop rotations to fix nutrients to the soil; training farmers on supplementary feeding of livestock and treating fields with manure generated on-farm well before the rainy season.
  • Rwanda: Improvement of soil fertility thanks to a land conservation project saw soybeans and maize yields increase by three times, four times for beans, and 10 times for Irish potatoes. Jobs in land husbandry to make the land more resilient to climate shocks (such as hillside terracing) were generated for 22,000 farmers and hillside ponds were established to supply irrigation using renewable hydropower.
  • Tanzania: Introduction of bio-gas digesters has helped farmers reduce firewood and charcoal use, while simultaneously providing a fertilizer and insect repellent for their farms. This has boosted agricultural output, helping farmers achieve up to six times the income as a result.